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Sights

St. Gayaneh Church

St. Gayaneh Church

Saint Gayane was built in Vagharshapat town. The 10th-century Armenian historian Catholicos H.Draskhankertsi states, that…

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Portakar

Portakar

According to the tradition, barren ladies held certain ceremonies here, after which touching the stone…

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Noravank Canyon

Noravank Canyon

Vayots Dzor Region is famous for its wonderful landscape and numerous caves with amongst them…

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Tours

Classic Winter Tour

Classic Winter Tour

 7 Days from 275 EUR

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Secrets of Armenia

Secrets of Armenia

10 Days from 1032 USD

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Country Overview

The Republic of Armenia is a mountainous country of volcanic peaks and fast flowing rivers. Formerly being a commercial hub along the Great Silk Road, Armenia it is located in the southern Caucasus, between the Black sea and the Caspian Sea.  Located in Western Asia, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhijevan to the south.

 

                                       

       The flag of Armenia was approved on the 24th of August, 1990    

Red color:symbolizes the blood shed by Armenians in the defence of their country;

Blue color:symbolizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies;

Orange color:symbolizesthe creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia;

 

Capital (and largest city)

Yerevan – population 3,018,854 

Official languages

Armenian is the official language in Armenia, which is an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. The Armenian has its own unique script and was restored in 405 by MesropMashtots. They also speak Russian.

Religion

Armenia has its own church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, which most Armenians follow. The largest religious minority is composed of new converts to Protestant and Non-Trinitarian Christianity (1.3%). Non-Christian religions such as Yazidism and Islam are small.  There is a growing ethnic religious ("pagan") movement, Hetanism.

Government

Armenia gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 September 21st.

Area

29,743 km2

Population

Ethnic Armenians make up 97.9% of the population. Yazidis make up 1.3%, and Russians 0.5%. Other minorities include Assyrians, Ukrainians, Pontic Greeks (here usually called Caucasus Greeks), Kurds, Georgians, and Belarusians. There are also smaller communities of Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats. Minorities of Poles and Caucasus Germans also exist though they are heavily Russified.

Government

Presidential Republic

Geography

Armenia is a landlocked country in the Transcaucasia region, between the Black and Caspian Seas, bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey. The terrain is mostly mountainous and flat, with fast flowing rivers and few forests but with many trees. The climate is highland continental: hot summers and cold winters. The land rises to 4,095 m above sea-level at Mount Aragats.

Climate

The climate in Armenia is markedly continental. Summers are dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. The temperature fluctuates between 22 and 36 °C (72 and 97 °F). However, the low humidity level mitigates the effect of high temperatures. Springs are short, while autumns are long. Autumns are known for their vibrant and colorful foliage. Winters are quite cold with plenty of snow, with temperatures ranging between −10 and −5 °C (14 and 23 °F).

Currency

Armenian National currency is Dram (AMD). All payments are made in Drams on the territory of Armenia. Among foreign currencies the most wide-spread are USD, EUR. Cash is the preferred method of payment.

Time zone

UTC (UTC+4)

Main rivers

Akhurian River (205km), Vorotan River (179km), Araks River (158km), Hrazdan River (146km)

Main lakes

Lake Akna, Lake Arpi, Lake Ayger, Lake Kari, Lake Lessing, Lake Parz, Lake Sevan, Yerevan Lake

Public holidays

1–2 January – New Year’s Day

6 January - Christmas Day

7 January - 28 January

28 February - The day of memory of victims of massacres organised in Azerbaijani SSR and protection of rights of refugee Armenian population

8 March - International Womens’ Holiday

7 April - The day of Maternity and Beauty

24 April - Genocide Remembrance Day

1 May - International Workers' Day

8 May - Country keeper's day

9 May - Victory and Peace Day

28 May - Republic Day

5 July - Constitution Day

21 September - Independence Day

5 October - Teacher's Day

Calling code

+374

 

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